One of the biggest advantages of solar water pumps is that it can be easily installed, requires almost no maintenance & can last for more than 25 years.
Each solar array has a number of solar modules connected in parallel or series. Every solar PV panel generates current by converting solar radiation to electrical energy. The electrical energy from the entire array is controlled, tuned and directed by the inbuilt controller in DC pumps or through the Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) and enables the connected pump (maybe submersible or surface) to draw water and feed the delivery pipelines.
The water thus drawn from ponds, rivers, bore wells or other sources by a solar water pump is pumped to supply water as required. It can be stored in tanks from where it is later channeled to fields or the supply from the pump may be coupled with drip irrigation systems to provide optimized water to fields directly.